Living in a flood-prone region is dangerous. What is more dangerous, though, is not knowing what to do about it. Moving out may not always be an option, but safety is crucial.
So, what should you do? How can you protect yourself? What precautions can you take to keep yourself and your family safe if you live in a flood-prone area?
As a nation with regular rainfall, Malaysia has suffered flash floods and water spills, resulting in a variety of inconveniences and sometimes catastrophic situations.
Flooding kills more people each year than any other thunderstorm-related disaster. The most prevalent cause of flood death is when a vehicle is driven into dangerous floodwater.
Fortunately, you can take several steps to safeguard yourself, your family, and your property.
Before the Flood
• Establish an evacuation plan. If someone in your family has to leave, they should know where to go. Trying to make plans at the last minute could be stressful and confusing.
• Talk about flooding with your family. Everyone should be aware of what to do if all family members are not there. Preparing for floods reduces fear and anxiety and informs everyone on how to respond.
• Decide what has to be moved up, out, or away, and then do it: feed supplies, furniture, clothing, medical equipment and medicines, key family papers, jewellery, electronics, food, and so on.
• Use the safest ways to your destination. Avoid routes that are likely to be flooded with water.
• Learn how to cut off utilities including gas, electricity, and water.
• Inform your friends and family where you will be in the event of an evacuation.
• Keep a disaster supply kit at home. Your disaster kit should include (at a minimum):
o First-aid materials (including medicines)
o Extra batteries for a flashlight
o Food that isn't perishable
o Clean water for drinking
o Matches, candles
o Warm clothing, a blanket, or a sleeping bag(s)
o Clothes or rain gear
• Make sure you have emergency supplies on hand in one or two containers that can be used if you stay or to bring along if you have to evacuate.
• Set aside four litres of drinking water per person every day for seven days in clean, plastic containers.
• Teach children when and how to phone the Malaysian Emergency Response Service: 999, the police, and the fire department, and teach them which radio station to listen to for emergency information.
During the Flood
• For information, turn on the radio, television, or your local Emergency Alerting Station.
• Keep in mind that flash floods can occur. If there is a chance of a flash flood, go to higher ground right away. Do not wait for any special orders to move.
• Follow any emergency orders issued by authorities.
• Keep an eye out for streams, drainage canals, and other locations that are known to flood unexpectedly. In some places, flash floods can occur with or without conventional indications such as rain clouds or heavy rain.
• If you are advised to evacuate, do so right away.
• Before flood levels get too deep for regular cars to pass through, evacuation is easier and safer.
• Turn off all electric circuits at the fuse panel, gas and propane service at the meter or main entrance, and water at the main valve, then leave right away.
• Shortcuts may be restricted, so take the advised evacuation routes.
• Leave early enough to prevent becoming stranded due to flooded roads.
• If you get to a flooded region, turn back and take a different route.
• Do not drive through or around water or barriers.
• In as little as one foot of water, a small car can be swept away. Almost every other vehicle will be wrecked by two feet of water.
• A person can be thrown to the ground by as little as six inches of rushing water.
• If your automobile stops, get out of it as soon as possible and get to higher ground.
After the Flood
• Listen to the most recent radio and television announcements.
• Do not return home until instructed to do so by authorities.
• Before you enter, inspect your property for broken parts, cracks, and missing items.
• Use a stick to move small items around your property, and keep an eye out for dangerous insects.
• Before you turn it on, check your electrical circuits, gas and water sources.
• Inspect your septic tank
• Take away any flood-affected foods and beverages.
• Assist your neighbours and the disabled.
• Notifies local authorities if public amenities are damaged.
In a Nutshell
Everyone is aware of the dangers to life and property that might arise during a flood.
Therefore, if you reside in a flood-prone area, follow the steps listed in this post to protect yourself, your family, and your property.
For those who are considering buying a property
or looking at a new housing development, it’s best to acquire more information about the property from the property developer
or property company before making a decision.
Study all the information you have and find out if the property that you are looking at is prone to floods.